李克强总理在第九届中国-中东欧国家经贸论坛上的致辞(1)(中英对照)
日期:2019-04-29 09:53

(单词翻译:单击)

Speech at the Ninth China-CEEC Business Forum
在第九届中国-中东欧国家经贸论坛上的致辞

H.E. Li Keqiang, Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China
中华人民共和国国务院总理 李克强
Dubrovnik, 12 April 2019
2019年4月12日,杜布罗夫尼克
Prime Minister Andrej Plenkovic, Ladies and gentlemen,
尊敬的普连科维奇总理,女士们、先生们:
It gives me great pleasure to join friends old and new at the ninth China-CEEC Business Forum in the seaport city of Dubrovnik in the beautiful season of spring. On behalf of the Chinese government, I wish to extend warm congratulations on the opening of the Forum and pay high tribute to all those who are committed to the friendly relations and cooperation between China and the Central and Eastern European countries.
很高兴与各位新老朋友相聚在春光明媚的海港城市杜布罗夫尼克,共同出席第九届中国-中东欧国家经贸论坛。我谨代表中国政府,对论坛的开幕表示热烈祝贺!对致力于中国与中东欧国家友好合作的各界人士致以崇高敬意!
In recent years, China-CEEC (16+1) cooperation has been growing with a strong momentum. This is largely attributed to our strong and expanding business ties, which have seen new progress every year thanks to the concerted efforts of all parties. In 2018, China's trade with the CEE countries increased by 21 percent, hitting a record high of 82.2 billion U.S. dollars. In particular, growth in China's imports from the CEE countries outstripped that of exports by five percentage points. As FDI (foreign direct investment) plunges worldwide, China's investment in the CEE countries has bucked the trend and soared by 67 percent, most notably in major projects in the energy, mining and home appliance sectors and with new steps taken in cooperation in third-party markets.
这些年来,“16+1合作”保持蓬勃生机和活力,基础支撑在于经贸合作的不断发展。在各方共同努力下,经贸合作年年都有新气象。2018年,中国与16国贸易额增长21%、达到822亿美元,创历史新高,其中,中国自中东欧国家进口增幅高于出口增幅5个百分点。在国际直接投资大幅下降的情况下,中国对16国投资逆势增长67%,能源矿产、家电制造等领域大项目投资增加,第三方市场合作迈出新步伐。
China-CEEC cooperation on the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) has made new strides, as seen in greater headway in infrastructure connectivity, smooth progress in projects from the Budapest-Belgrade railway and the E763 highway in Serbia to the MS and KO highways in North Macedonia and the South-North expressway in Montenegro, and growing cooperation in new areas like information and communications and smart cities. With over 6,000 new freight train services opened between China and Europe last year and the steady development of China-Europe Land Sea Express Line, CEE countries are poised to play a bigger role as gateways between Asia and Europe.
共建“一带一路”合作取得新成果,基础设施互联互通持续推进,匈塞铁路、塞尔维亚E763高速公路、北马其顿MS和KO高速公路、黑山南北高速公路等项目合作进展顺利,信息通信、智慧城市等新领域合作快速发展。去年中欧班列新开行6000多列,中欧陆??煜呓ㄉ栉炔酵平?,中东欧国家在亚欧互联互通中的枢纽地位继续提升。
Subnational cooperation continues to deepen, marked by the launching of the Ningbo 16+1 Demonstration Zone for Economic Cooperation and Trade and the China (Liaoning) CEEC Pavilion. There have been more frequent people-to-people and cultural exchanges, as evidenced by over 1.4 million tourist arrivals from China to CEE countries and 350,000 visits from CEE countries to China in 2018. Our two sides also run collaboration programs in the performing arts, animation, film and other cultural and creative industries. While strong support from governments has been indispensable, all this progress would not have been possible without the hard work from our business communities.
地方合作日益深入,宁波“16+1”经贸合作示范区、中国(辽宁)中东欧16国国家馆先后启动。人文交流更加密切,2018年中国公民赴中东欧国家旅游人数超过140万人次,中东欧国家来华旅游达到35万人次,双方在演艺、动漫、电影等文化创意产业领域也开展了多项合作。这些成绩的取得,是各国政府鼎力支持的结果,也离不开双方工商界人士的辛勤耕耘。
Ladies and gentlemen,
女士们、先生们!
We meet at a crucial moment in world economic development. Global growth has been weighed down by factors such as sluggish international trade and investment and rising protectionism. New uncertainties and destabilizing factors are mounting, shaking market expectations and confidence in development. That said, on the bright side, the global economy is increasingly propelled by the new round of technological and industrial revolution. The growing complexities in the international landscape make it all the more imperative for all parties to work together to seize opportunities and tackle challenges. President Xi Jinping's recent visit to three European countries has injected fresh impetus to China-EU comprehensive strategic partnership. The 16+1 cooperation is an important part of China-Europe relations. Guided by the principles of peace, cooperation, openness, inclusiveness, mutual learning and mutual benefit, China will foster a stronger synergy between the BRI and development strategies of CEE countries onthe basis of consultation and collaboration for shared benefits, with a view to taking our business cooperation to greater depth and breadth.
当前世界经济发展正处在一个关键时期。受国际贸易投资低迷、?;ぶ饕寮泳绲纫蛩赜跋?,世界经济增长动能减弱、下行压力加大,新的不稳定不确定因素增多,市场主体预期不稳、发展信心不足。同时,世界经济中也有不少积极因素,尤其是新一轮科技和产业革命方兴未艾。国际形势越是复杂,各方越应加强合作,共同抓住机遇、迎接挑战。前不久,中国国家主席习近平出访欧洲三国,为中欧全面战略伙伴关系注入了新动力?!?6+1合作”是中欧关系重要组成部分。我们愿将“一带一路”倡议同各国发展战略更好对接,秉持共商共建共享原则,坚持和平合作、开放包容、互学互鉴、互利共赢,同各方一道推动“16+1”经贸合作向更广领域、更深层次拓展。
– We need to promote trade facilitation. China's trade with the 16 CEE countries has enjoyed fast growth, yet there remains a big potential to tap. China will work with the CEE countries to open markets wider to each other. Customs cooperation needs to be strengthened by streamlining procedures for greater efficiency in the clearance of goods. We will improve the communication and coordination mechanism for inspection and quarantine, speed up the negotiation of relevant protocols, and better coordinate our safety inspection efforts. China will support CEE countries in participating in the China International Import Expo, the China-CEEC Expo and other trade promotion platforms, and provide a green channel for exports by CEE countries to China. We will continue to develop the China-Europe freight train service and multi-modal transport, enhance services facilitation cooperation on China-Europe Land Sea Express Line, harmonize rules and standards at a faster pace, and establish logistics hubs to speed up cross-border flow of goods.
——我们要致力提升贸易便利化水平。中国与16国贸易虽然增长很快,但仍有很大潜力可挖。中国愿与16国一道,进一步扩大市场相互开放。继续加强海关合作,简化海关手续,提高货物通关效率。健全检验检疫沟通协调机制,加快商签检验检疫议定书,增强安全监管一致性协调性。中方将用好中国国际进口博览会、中国-中东欧国家博览会等贸易促进平台,为中东欧国家参展办展提供支持,为产品输华提供绿色通道。继续发展中欧班列和多式联运,加强中欧陆??煜弑憷献?,加快规则和标准对接,建设物流配送中心,促进跨境物流提速。
– We need to foster new growth areas in trade. China and CEE countries each have comparative advantages and our economies are highly complementary. We need to further unlock the trade potential, improve the trade mix, and expand areas in trade cooperation. Trade in agricultural products will be increased. China will continue to create conditions to import more honey, fruit, dairy and meat products and other farm produce from CEE countries to meet the diverse needs of Chinese consumers. We will continue to scale up trade in mechanical and electrical products and quality consumer goods such as automobiles and home appliances, and grow trade in high-quality, high-tech and high value-added products such as manufactured equipment.
——我们要培育贸易新增长点。中国和中东欧国家各具比较优势,经济互补性强。要进一步挖掘贸易潜力,优化贸易结构,拓宽贸易合作领域。扩大农产品贸易,中国将继续创造条件增加从中东欧国家进口蜂蜜、水果、奶制品、肉制品等特色农产品,满足中国消费者多样化需求。继续拓展汽车、家电等机电产品和优质消费品贸易,发展装备制造等高质量、高技术、高附加值产品贸易。
We need to step up cooperation on new business forms and models, encourage large cross-border e-commerce companies to set up more overseas warehouses and exhibition and sales centers in CEE countries to explore more trading channels. Trade in services will be expanded. There is a big potential in tourism cooperation as the number of overseas trips by Chinese tourists reached 150 million last year. Companies from CEE countries are welcome to hold tourism expos in China to intensify the promotion of tourism resources and attractive tourist products. We look forward to more facilitation provided to Chinese tourists in terms of border control in CEE countries. Our two sides need to support civil aviation cooperation, encourage communication between airline companies, and look into the feasibility of opening more direct flights when conditions are in place.
加强新业态新模式合作,支持大型跨境电商企业在地区国家建立更多“海外仓”和产品展销中心,丰富贸易渠道。扩大服务贸易,中国公民一年出境已达1.5亿人次,双方旅游合作潜力巨大?;队卸饭移笠翟诨侔炻糜尾├阑?,加强旅游资源宣传推介,提供更多富有吸引力的旅游产品。希望中东欧国家在人员出入境等方面给予中国游客更多便利。支持双方开展民用航空领域合作,鼓励航空企业加强沟通,研究条件成熟时开通更多直航的可行性。
– We need to deepen investment and industrial capacity cooperation. The Chinese government supports Chinese companies in investing in CEE countries in keeping with commercial principles and on their own decisions, particularly in such areas as agriculture, manufacturing, information and communications, and R&D. Joint efforts will be made to build industrial clusters and logistics parks and improve industrial chain cooperation. We hope that the lawful rights and interests of Chinese companies will be effectively protected in relevant countries in accordance with the principles of equity, fairness and non-discrimination. During this year's summit, we will launch the 16+1 Global Partnership Center and the website for the China-CEEC SME Coordination Mechanism, which are designed to provide more convenient, thoughtful and professional services for companies to broaden investment cooperation.
——我们要深化投资和产能合作。中国政府支持企业按照商业化运作,自主开展对中东欧国家农业、工业制造、信息通信、技术研发等领域投资,共建一批产业聚集区、物流园区,提升产业链合作水平。希望相关国家坚持公平、公正、非歧视原则,切实?;ぶ泄笠岛戏ㄈㄒ?。这次会晤期间,我们将启动“16+1全球伙伴中心”,开通“16+1中小企业协调机制”网站,为企业拓展投资合作提供便利、周到、专业的服务。
– We need to make concrete progress in connectivity. Achieving infrastructure connectivity at a faster pace is high on the development agenda of many CEE countries, and is an important means for delivering win-win outcomes of 16+1 cooperation. A good example is the China-Croatia cooperation on the Peljesac Bridge project. China will continue to encourage companies to take part in infrastructure development of CEE countries, and work with relevant parties to steadily advance the construction of the Serbian section and the tendering of the Hungarian section of the Budapest-Belgrade railway. We will foster synergy among the Belt and Road Initiative, the Three Seas Initiative, the EU strategy on connecting Europe and Asia, the Trans-European Transport Networks and other plans, and implement the projects with earnest efforts.
——我们要扎实推进互联互通。加快基础设施互联互通是很多中东欧国家的优先发展议程,也是“16+1合作”实现互利共赢的重要途径。中克双方在佩列沙茨大桥项目上的合作就是一个很好的例证。中方将继续鼓励企业参与中东欧国家基础设施建设,与相关方一起稳步推进匈塞铁路塞尔维亚段建设和匈牙利段招标工作。推动共建“一带一路”与“三海倡议”、欧亚互联互通战略、泛欧交通网络等规划对接,积极推动项目落实。
We will improve the financing conditions for projects, make full use of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, the Silk Road Fund, the China-CEEC Inter-Bank Association and other financial platforms, encourage commercial banks to develop more innovative financial products and diversify financing models. We will develop new ways in implementing cooperation projects, properly address issues concerning mutual recognition of standards and returns on investment, and actively explore cooperation modalities in third-party markets, joint bidding and public-private partnership. The Chinese government supports relevant countries in conducting rules-based public tendering where Chinese companies can compete on a level playing field.
改善项目融资条件,充分用好亚投行、丝路基金、中国-中东欧银联体等金融平台,鼓励商业银行开发更多金融创新产品,发展多元化融资模式。创新合作建设方式,解决好在标准互认、投资回报等方面的问题,积极探索开展第三方市场合作、联合投标、公私合营等建设模式。中国政府支持有关国家对项目按规则进行公开招标,希望创造条件保障中国企业公平参与竞争。

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