英语六级高分必备500关键句(MP3+文本) 第299期:阅读理解(196)
日期:2017-05-04 16:53

(单词翻译:单击)

299.He knows that even if he gets a dog pregnant, the offspring, should they survive, will face the problems shown at birth by other cloned animals: abnormalities like immature lungs and heart and weight problems.

他知道,即便他让一只狗怀孕,其后代(如果能存活的话)将面临其他克隆动物在出生时所出现的问题:畸形发育,如肺部和心脏不完全发育以及体重问题。


六级词汇讲解:

本句的主干是He knows that...。nows后面的内容均为that引导的宾语从句;该从句中包含even if引导的让步状语从句;should they survive为插入语,是虚拟语气,因省略了if而引起倒装,过去分词短语shown at birth by other cloned animals作定语修饰problems,冒号后的内容对其进行补充说明。


英语六级考点归纳
even though和even if均可用于引导让步状语从句,但有细微区别。
even if意为"即使;尽管;纵然;就算",引导的从句往往是假设性的,有时还可用于虚拟语气;此时even if与单独使用的if比较接近。如:
Even if many difficulties remain,we can overcome them.
即使有再多的困难,我们也能克服。
Even if it should snow tomorrow,they will go jogging.
纵使明天下雪,他们也要去跑步。
I would have married him even if he had been penniless.=1 would have married him ifhe had been penniless.

即使他身无分文,我也会嫁给他。


even though意为"尽管,虽然",引导的从句内容往往是真实的,主要用于引出不利于主句情况的信息,相当于although,在非正式的情况下可以省略 even。如:
( Even) though it is twenty years old,the house is still in good condition.
虽然这栋房子已经有20年房龄了,但它的状况仍旧良好。
I don't want to eat anything,(even) though I am hungry.
尽管我很饿,但我还是不想吃任何东西。
( Even) though Nick was tired, he helped me repair my computer.

尽管尼克累了,但他还是帮我修了电脑。


在实际语言运用中,even if与even though有时也可不加区别地混用。如:
Even though/if you do not like your job,you must do it.
即使不喜欢你的工作,你也得做下去。
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