英语六级高分必备500关键句(MP3+文本) 第295期:阅读理解(192)
日期:2017-04-25 16:53

(单词翻译:单击)

295.Though there can be strength in diversity, a new international analysis suggests that this variability has instead contributed to lackluster achievement scores by U.S. children relative to their pee s in other developed countries.

尽管多样化可能存在其优点,但一项新的国际分析报告表明,与其他发达国家的同龄人相比,这种多样性反过来会导致美国儿童的学习成绩平平。


六级词汇讲解:
本句的主干是…a new international analysis suggests that...。though引导的是让步状语从句;that引导的宾语从句that this variability has instead...developed countries作suggests的宾语,relative to their peers证other developed countries表比较。
strength在句中意为"长处,优点",相当于advantage,该词还有"坚强"之意。如:
I hadn't enough strength of mind to refuse the temptation.

我的意志力不够坚强,无法拒绝诱惑。


relative意为"相对,比较"。如:
Let's make a relative study of the two languages.

让我们将这两种语言作一下比较研究。


英语六级考点归纳
以下是instead的用法总结。
用作副词,指"取而代之;反而",位于句首时用逗号隔开,instead在顺接句子中作"代替"讲,而在转折句子中作"然而"讲。如:
Blair is on holiday, so I do his job instead.
布莱尔在度假,所以我代他完成工作。
Her son doesn't study at all. Instead,he plays video games all day.
她儿子根本不肯读书,相反,他整天玩电子游戏。
Linda isn't here. Ask her mother instead.

琳达不在这儿,去问她妈妈吧。(注意当instead出现在祈使句中时,只能位于句尾)


和of构成短语instead of,两者意思相似,但instead of后可接名词、动名词和各种名词性短语或表达,以及代词、形容词和介词短语等。如:
Instead of making progress,her study seems to be going backwards.
她的学习不但没有进步,实际上像是在倒退。(接动名词)
I will go to the party instead of her.
我将替她赴宴。(接代词)
The weather is better instead of worse.
天气是更好了,而不是更坏了。(接形容词)
We went traveling by train instead of by plane.
我们没乘飞机而是坐火车去旅行。(接介词短语)

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