VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):肯尼亚疑出土史前巨狮遗骸
日期:2019-04-29 17:22

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Out of a Drawer Comes a Vicious Ancient Beast
Ohio University biologist Nancy Stevens was looking through a drawer of a wooden container at a museum in Kenya when she saw a piece of rock with extremely large teeth.
She knew immediately she had come across something important.
The "rock" and other things she found were overlooked fossils. They were stored at the National Museums of Kenya, in the capital city of Nairobi. The fossils came from one of the largest meat-eating mammals ever to walk the Earth.
They belonged to an animal known as Simbakubwa kutokaafrika. It lived in Africa 22 million years ago.
Stevens came across the fossils in 2010. This month, she and co-writer Matthew Borths published their research about the animal in the Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology.
The animal was bigger than any meat-eating mammal alive today. Its skull was the size of a rhino's skull. Its teeth were as large as bananas. It weighed about one ton and was 2.5 meters long.
According to the research, the fossils were found around 1980 in western Kenya. But, they were never closely examined.
Stevens said, "Most of the specimens that I study are quite small, so you can imagine my surprise when I opened a drawer that I hadn't examined yet, and saw the enormous teeth."
Simbakubwa was a member of a animal group that appeared 62 million years ago. That was about 4 million years after the extinction of the dinosaurs, which created an environment for mammals to take over. The animal came before meat-eating cats and wolves.
It became extinct about 9 million years ago, researchers say.
Simbakubwa's name means "big lion" in the Swahili language. However, it is not a cat. It was the largest animal hunter in its ecosystem, and was probably the largest meat-eating land mammal in Africa up to that time.
I'm Susan Shand.

重点解析

1.According to 通过

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Prices vary according to the quantity ordered.
价格随订购数量不同而有所变化h%)#6O[(RHgA2Qy@4e。

2.be known as 被称为

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China has always been known as a land of propriety and righteousness.
中国从来以礼义之邦著称=oXZ5AxC+TCm@Cwv。

3.belonged to 属于

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I realized that he and I belonged to different worlds.
我意识到我和他不是一路人b2C2OYdoZp_JWf]。

4.look through 浏览;看穿

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Peter starts looking through the mail as soon as the door shuts.
彼得一关上门就开始逐一查看起邮件来U8FAH@mdzAX。

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5.Ohio University biologist Nancy Stevens was looking through a drawer of a wooden container at a museum in Kenya when she saw a piece of rock with extremely large teeth.

a piece of 一片;一块

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He ticked off my name on a piece of paper.
他在一张纸上我的名字旁打了钩B[]9-,8%sF。
Someone had played a trick on her, stretched a piece of string at the top of those steps.
有人搞恶作剧整她,在最高的台阶上拉了一根绳子y9RUIDL)Voi(APR4s=。

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6.It was the largest animal hunter in its ecosystem, and was probably the largest meat-eating land mammal in Africa up to that time.

up to that time 直到那时

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Up to that time he have be stayed with his uncle.
直到那时他一直与他的叔叔呆在一起;UlmR4t5vR_;Z。
Up to that time, he had not believed in God.
直到此刻他是不大信上帝的KFFZM-5wwE-]xjn9Nh。

参考译文

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肯尼亚疑出土史前巨狮遗骸
俄亥俄大学生物学家南?!な返傥乃梗∟ancy Stevens)在肯尼亚一家博物馆的木制抽屉里发现了一块有着巨大牙齿的岩石QkWCf8A,*NBBPvtb8J。
她当即意识到此事非同小可Gk7_]L&-9CH,(!5GS#N1。
她发现的“岩石”以及其他东西都是被忽视的化石P1zW@MswwbM(Wee=。它们被存放在首都内罗毕的肯尼亚国家博物馆bo7]R7c)Pb0。这些化石来自地球上最大的食肉哺乳动物之一bl%82H[u1n0vz^f。
这些化石属于一个名为Simbakubwa kutokaafrika的动物sPoh^2thUSBNdgfEY。这只动物生活在2200万年前的非洲Fo!I)+hQdV!(e。
史蒂文斯是在2010年发现这些化石的.mgjV;NTaETJdE。本月,她与合著者马修·博思(Matthew Borths)在《脊椎动物古生物学杂志》上发表了对这种动物的研究aebweXv0xOFC(%61Nq~。

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肯尼亚疑出土史前巨狮遗骸.jpg
这种动物的体型比现存的任何食肉哺乳动物都大O&d1;h3Xjw-Cr68nKLdJ。它的头骨尺寸堪比犀牛头骨sS-rz=xsow[Q。它的牙齿长度与香蕉无异@pa2tJ3_N0x!r2hr。其体重约一吨,身长2.5米W4uJJB(dO0V。
根据这项研究,这些化石大约是在1980年于肯尼亚西部发现的qGOdZQulbj4。但是,这并没有被仔细核实过m4AUz@mWLbwjoFJIy&。
史蒂文斯称:“我研究的大多数标本体型都很小,所以你可以想象,当我打开一个抽屉,看到那些巨齿时,我有多惊讶QQt%~bw)0E?!?br />Simbakubwa是6200万年前出现的动物种群中的一员y#.t2MB&;B。也就是在恐龙灭绝后大约400万年,恐龙灭绝为哺乳动物在地球繁衍创造了环境5+DiOm6b%Wcmfwk!S-。这种动物出现在食肉的猫和狼之前TT-n(*gb1*。
研究人员说,它在大约900万年前就灭绝了7m@jRu[5)PY~。
Simbakubwa一词在斯瓦希里语中的意思是“大狮子”R_*yHbWTZ4Z+,AF0。然而,它不是猫科类ekC@Xx&&mh。它是其生态系统中最强大的动物捕猎者,很可能也是当时非洲陆地上最大的食肉哺乳动物j~6Rlt-i@+eD。
苏珊·尚德为您播报0sK.Cf=GauRASnWYTuP。

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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